Weimar’s Rich Cultural Legacy

For art and literature lovers, a trip to Weimar is a pilgrimage to the heart of German culture. Enduring ‘geniuses’ such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Richard Wagner, Wassily Kandinsky, and Friedrich Nietzsche have made this Eastern German city their home. Weimar was known as the cradle of the Bauhaus movement in the 20th century, which spawned a revolution in art, design, and architecture. Here are a few of Weimar’s must-see sites.

Bauhaus Museum
TYM-Germany-Bauhaus_MuseumThe first Bauhaus school of arts and architecture, founded in Weimar by Walter Gropius in 1919, and if you’re interested in this movement you should visit the Bauhaus Museum. 

Goethe House
TYM-Germany-Goethe_HouseBuilt sometime around 1707, this house was the childhood home of Johann Wolfgang Goethe – considered Germany’s greatest writer and poet. The original interior furnishings are preserved in a number of rooms.

Schiller House
TYM-Germany-Schiller_HouseAlso known as Schiller Residence, Friedrich Schiller spent the last few years of his life in this townhouse on the former Weimar Esplanade. Built in 1777, the house still contains part of the original furnishings, which reflects the style prevalent in Schiller’s day. It was here that Schiller – the German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright – wrote his last great dramas such as ‘The Bride of Messina’ and ‘William Tell’.

City Castle (Weimarer Stadtschloss)
TYM-Germany-City_CastleWeimar’s City Castle, known locally as Weimarer Stadtschloss,was originally constructed at the end of the 10th century. After fire destroyed parts of the castle in 1424 and again in the middle of the 16th century, it was extensively redesigned when Weimar became the permanent residence of the Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. In 1923, the City Castle was converted into an art museum, which houses masterpieces such the works of Caspar David Friedrich, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, Auguste Rodin and Max Beckmann.

Further Reading:
http://www.klassik-stiftung.de/index.php?id=356
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goethe_House
http://www.goethehaus-frankfurt.de/goethe-house
http://www.klassik-stiftung.de/index.php?id=342

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